Filtration solutions in extracting lithium from Brine

Problems faced by lithium manufacturers in extracting lithium from brine


Brine sources include underground lakes or Salars, hot geothermal reservoirs and brines associated with petroleum production. Typically, brines contain a mixture of minerals, including iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium, and lithium. Using various techniques, lithium chloride can be extracted from the brine, purified and then processed into other forms for battery production.


Lithium-Ion batteries have strict purity requirements for the materials used in their manufacture. Impurities can lead to poor charging performance including reduced vehicle range of operation, more frequent need to charge, problems with batteries starting at colder temperature and in some extreme cases to the batteries catching on  fire. A major issue with the current Lithium conversion practice is reliable operation in producing the high quality Lithium products from varying degree’s of impurities & high variance in concentration of Lithium.


Improved filtration and separation can play an important role in improving both the process reliability for producing consistent high purity products and also for improving the product yields, reducing product re-work, and reducing operation costs.

Pall Corporation; The Filtration Expert


Pall Corporation plays an important role in the process of Lithium extraction.  Critical locations for purification of contaminants in the lithium brine processing plant are identified below


Filtration locations in the Lithium Carbonate Process



Filter Filtration Value Separation Product
1 Removal of silt, precipitated salts from raw brine - protect solar ponds from contamination 20-40 Micron Filters
2 Removal of silt, precipitated salts from concentrated brine - protect Lithium Carbonate plant from contamination 10 Micron Filters
3 Bulk removal of percipitated salts - high solid concentrations Automated regenerable cartridge
4 Protect Ion Exchange (IX) resin and crystallizer from carryover solids 1 - 5 Micron Filter
5 Remove trace solids and Ion Exchange resin fines before crystallizer 1 Micron Filter
6 Collect Lithium Carbonate product Automated regenerable cartridge
7 Protect RO filtration unit from fouling 10 Micron Filters


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